Dreaming Reality is an ongoing design research about sleeping and dreaming.

As we spend 1/3 of our life asleep, I believe dreaming is as important as our daily lives.

To provide an intimate space between dreams and reality,

I envisages up a soft, modular system of pillows that can be connected like Lego

and tailored to suit each user’s slumber needs.

These Dreaming Reality pillows can be made either as big as a bed, or as small as a helmet

and incorporate various patterns and textures to trigger different reveries.

In a short, atmospheric film, I illustrate the scope of the concept.




Graduation Project at
Design Academy Eindhoven
(Man and Identity)

































The research started from a Dutch bedstee I saw in the Zuiderzee Museum.

Later, I discovered the closed beds exist not only in the netherlands

but in many western and eastern traditions.

The closest to the dutch bedstee are lits-clos in Bretagne region of France.

Similar press-beds also exist in Scotland, some areas of UK and scandinavian countries.

Originally they were designed for the saving of living space.

As most of the families share one common living space,

the closed beds served as private spaces for each family members.

However, in the 18th century, the free-standing box beds have developed into a fashionable items in UK.

 Some cabinet-makers designed ‘Secret’ box beds disguised as wardrobes,

or hidden behind rows of bookshelves and drawers,

said to be particularly popular with young gentlemen in London.


As the 19th century brought a concern for hygiene and a belief in fresh air,

the box-beds and 4 poster beds gradually disappeared in western living spaces.






In China, numerous antique chamber beds from Ming and Qing Dynasty are kept today.

Designed as a room in the room, the bed serve not only as a place to sleep,

but also for sitting and chatting with families and close friends while drinking tea, playing chess or smoking opiums.

As the bed is where birth, death and marriage happen,

they were often the most significant furniture in the household and were passed down through generations of families.








Japanese capsule hotel

Designed in the 70’s, serving as a cheap alternative sleeping place for male business travellers.






Sleepbox designed by Russian architects Arch Group for the airports







Today, half or fully closed beds are still popular within certain beourgeois community.

I believe the desire for a warm and private space between dream and reality is always there.











I imagined the space between dream and reality to be a growing organic space,

similar to the aesthetic of temporary refuge houses built with found materials.

It does not have a fixed shape, but constantly changes and evolves as one sleeps and dreams.


In the beginning, I wanted the bed to be a space one could live in 24 hours, like the chinese chamber beds.

As the dream and reality is one continuous flow that could not be separated.

Some people might desire to live their wake lives in the bed.

So I drew a space composed with many elements, including doors, desks, closets, etc.

Later the space is simplified to a structure composed of pillow-like modules.

This way, one could either stay in the bed during the day or bring the dream space into their waking lives.

So to fall into sleep any time and anywhere they wish.



































































In the Tibetan Buddhism tradition, it is believed there exist 3 different kinds of dreams:

the samsaric dreams(ordinary dreaming), the dreams of clarity, and the clear light dreams.

The samsaric dreams are the dreams most of us have most of the time.

The content of samsaric dream is projected from our mind and is based on our wake life experiences.

The dreams of clarity only occur from time to t ime when the mind of dreamer is balanced.

The tibetans believe that messages from the higher spiritual sources are communicated through the dreams of clarity.

And after years of practicing the dream yogas, some monks could achieve the clear light dreams,

in which exists only a lucidity beyond the duality of subject and object.














In my research about the texture and patterns,

I take inspirations mainly from the ordinary dreams.

For me, these dreams are mainly composed of 3 elements:



and fear (for death).

And above the 3 of them, there is the unknown cosmic presence.

I juxtaposed and mixed all these elements to create patterns and textures that draw one into various dreams.








photography by Rinko Kawauchi





































untitled by Jun Kaneko






























sublimation by louise Bourgeois